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The place-name Prescott, Arizona, did not exist when President Lincoln signed the bill that separated New Mexico from Arizona in 1863. Lincoln no doubt was familiar with the historian William Hickling Prescott, whose books on Mexico and Peru made the nearly blind Bostonian the David McCullogh of his day. Lincoln did know that any capital for the newly established Arizona territory would be located far from Confederate sympathizers in Tucson. With the discovery of gold that same year near the…